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 Marcel Breuer 设计师介绍

Marcel Breuer
Architect + Furniture Designer (1902-1981)
Designing Modern Britain - Design Museum Exhibition
Until 27 November 2005

Thanks to the innovative aluminium, tubular steel and plywood pieces he designed first at the Bauhaus in 1920s Germany and then as an émigré in 1930s Switzerland and England, MARCEL BREUER (1902-1981) is best known as one of the early 20th century's most influential furniture designers. Equally influential were the private houses he designed on the post-war East Coast and the UNESCO headquarters in Paris.

When Marcel Breuer arrived in London in 1935, he was asked to design furniture for Isokon, alias the Isometric Unit Construction company. Breuer told its owner Jack Pritchard that he wanted to continue developing the metal pieces he had worked on as a teacher at the Bauhaus in the mid-1920s. Pritchard briskly informed him that, as the British were far too traditional to buy metal furniture, Breuer should work in wood instead, preferably plywood.

The result was a series of five pieces including an armchair, chaise longue and nest of tables in which the plywood is formed so fluidly and sinuously, that they are now regarded as landmarks in 20th century furniture design. Yet like the rest of Breuer's early career as a furniture designer, the development of these plywood pieces was clouded by doubts and disappointment. 

 wassily chair 描述

Design: Marcel Lajos Breuer 1925
The Wassily chair designed by Marcel Breuer is made out of tubular pre-stressed, pre-buffed high gauge steel 13/16" chrome. The metal is polished to a perfect mirror like finish. This chair features clean, seamless joints, and hidden drilled or countersunk holes. Seat, back and armrests are made of imported Italian double hide full leather. All of the edges and straps are fully laminated, treated and matched surfaces. This chair is available in 4 solid leather colors, as well as pony cowhide for an upcharge. And did we mention it's extremely comfortable?

This is probably one of the most famous pieces of Bauhaus furniture. Its formal and classic character brings atmosphere to any home or office. Breuer made this comfortable chair for his friend, the painter Wassily Kandinsky, while he was teaching at the Bauhaus Academy. Hence the name! As daring and fresh as Kandinsky抯 paintings, the Wassily Chair remains an astonishing work. Its strong, spare lines express all the industrial heroism and engineering invention of the new architecture. While formal and classic, its animated character brings life to any residence or office.

In spirit and stature, the Breuer Wassily has few equals. Marcel Breuer may not be as famous as his modernist contemporaries Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, but he was certainly as brilliant a furniture designer, maybe even more so. The Wassily Chair (1925), the first bent tubular-steel chair ever, is a case in point; all first tries should be this good

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